Parent-infant, parent-child and Filial therapy are alternative methods for treating children who have emotional difficulties. These processes involve the parent, who is used as an ally in the therapeutic process and ultimately becomes the child’s primary therapeutic agent. During these processes the parent is aided in discovering a new way of interacting with their child, thus improving the parent-child relationship. These approaches to therapy have also been shown to be fruitful in providing support and containment for parents who are experiencing difficulties such as post-natal depression and anxiety related to parenting. Sessions typically include both the parent and their infant or child.